UEFI boot and startup problems

UEFI boot and startup problems

Windows 8's tight integration with a PC's UEFI can be especially problematic when you need to run bootable rescue media. 

UEFI components that might cause boot trouble
There are five elements of UEFI that can defeat your attempts to launch self-booting media. Later in the story, you'll see how to adjust these items. But first, the following general descriptions will help you understand what the five elements do.
Note: Though Windows 8 can implement all five elements, Vista and Windows 7 systems use subsets of these components. It's also important to know that each hardware vendor might enable or disable a different set of UEFI features — or call them by different names. I've used the most common names below.
Also, when discussing a "Win8 system," I mean a PC that was designed to run Windows 8. The OS will run on older PCs, but an older UEFI probably won't have all five components Win8 supports. The same holds for Vista and Win7 machines.
§  UEFI/CSM Boot: Virtually all Win8 — and many Vista and Win7PCs — can boot with either the generic UEFI system (UEFI Boot) or a compatibility-support module (CSM Boot). CSM Boot emulates old-style BIOS actions for operating systems that require it. In some cases, CSM Boot must be specifically enabled before a PC will boot from a "foreign" operating system or from a device other than the hard drive. What's more, to use CSM Boot, both UEFI Boot and Secure Boot (see next item) must be disabled.
§  Secure Boot is a Win8-specific, UEFI implementation that prevents unauthorized or unrecognized operating systems from loading. For example, some classic Linux-based repair/recovery discs lack the required security certifications; they won't boot if a PC is in Secure Boot mode. If you disable Secure Boot, the system reverts to the generic UEFI Boot.
§  Fast Boot is a UEFI option that often varies by vendor and Windows version. In older systems with simpler UEFI implementations, Fast Boot saves a few seconds at startup by skipping several routine hardware checks.
With Windows 8, Fast Boot significantly speeds the startup process by overriding and skipping many optional settings. For example, it always boots directly from the primary hard drive — no matter what other boot-order settings you might have set manually.
Typically, Win8's Fast Boot must be disabled if you want to boot from a standard optical drive, flash drive, network drive, etc. — essentially any source other than your primary hard drive.
§  Trusted Boot is a UEFI module that checks the integrity of the startup software before allowing it to load. Trusted Boot is disabled when you select CSM boot.
§  Early Launch Anti-Malware (ELAM) is a Win8-specific UEFI implementation that's active when Secure Boot is enabled. Launching early in the initial boot process, ELAM scans all subsequently loaded system-level drivers to ensure they're not carrying hostile payloads such as rootkits.
UEFI/CSM Boot, Secure Boot, and Fast Boot usually can be managed separately by end users; Trusted Boot and ELAM typically cannot.

A fully accurate test for UEFI boot problems
You obviously don't want to discover UEFI-related boot problems while attempting to recover from a major system failure. It's far better to test your UEFI settings now — well before an emergency.
The test is safe and simple, and it takes only minutes. You simply create a bootable CD, DVD, or flash drive and then try to boot your system from it.
Though any type of bootable media will do, it's best to test the UEFI with the combination of media and recovery tool you'll use if your PC encounters trouble.

Steps for testing Window 8's UEFI configuration
-Preparation and first steps: As with any major change to your PC, start by saving all your work, closing all running apps, and backing up the system.
§  Simplify your PC's boot hardware as much as possible. Disconnect all potentially bootable external devices — except the one from which you intend to actually boot. For example, if you're going to boot from a DVD, unplug any unneeded USB drives or flash devices currently connected to your system.
§  Open the Charms bar, click the gear icon (Settings), and then click Change PC settings at the bottom of the bar.
§  On the PC settings page, select Update and recovery.
§  Click Recovery and then, under Advanced startup, click Restart now. (Despite the terminology, your PC will not immediately restart — that's normal.) The Choose an option page will open.
If your PC has UEFI-compatible hardware, you'll see a Use a device option (see Figure 1).
Use a device
Figure1. If your Win8 PC has UEFI-compatible hardware, the Use a device option gives you easy access to alternate booting methods.
If your PC doesn't show a Use a device option, don't worry; just skip ahead to the section of this article labeled "The Advanced alternate booting option."
-The simple "Use a device" option: If it's available to you, Win8's Use a device options menu is the easiest way to try booting from alternate media or the network. It automatically makes temporary adjustments to the relevant UEFI settings (including Fast Boot and Boot Order) to allow booting from the device you select.
(Use a device won't work if the hardware is incompatible with UEFI or the alternate OS is incompatible with Secure Boot.)
Unfortunately, there's no way to know in advance whether all aspects of your system will work correctly with the Use a device setting — you simply have to try booting your PC with the selected device and see what happens. Here's how:
§  Click on Use a device.
§  Click on the EFI (extensible firmware interface) device that you want to boot from: USB, DVD/CDROM, or network.
Select EFI DVD/CDROM option
Figure 2. Select the UEFI-compatible boot device you wish to try — in this example, I've selected a DVD/CD drive.
§  Click the Reboot button when it's offered; your PC will shut down and then try to boot from whatever device you selected.
§  Follow the instructions for whatever prompt then appears. For example, if you're booting from an optical drive, you should press a key when the Press any key to boot from DVD or CD ROM prompt appears.
Note: If you have trouble booting from a USB-based drive, use a USB 2.0 port (typically denoted by a white or gray connector) if possible. I've found USB 2.0 to be more reliable than USB 3.0 (blue connector) in boot operations.
If your system boots from your recovery media, you're done! Your hardware, media, and software are all UEFI-boot compatible — as they are.
If the boot process fails, you'll likely get a rather generic error message. For example, if I try to boot my system from a DVD containing a Linux distribution that's not compatible with Secure Boot, I get the error message: "System doesn't have any CD/DVD boot option." It does have that option, of course — the drive was selected in Use a device — but that option is incompatible with Secure Boot.
No matter what error message you receive, if your PC fails to boot via the Use a device option, just bail; reboot normally back to Windows, work your way back to the Choose an option screen, and follow the steps below.
-The Advanced alternate booting option: If Use a device isn't available or fails, your next stop is the Advanced alternate booting option, available under the Troubleshooting menu.
On the Choose an option screen, click Troubleshoot and then Advanced options (Figures 3 and 4).
Choose an option menu
Figure 3. For more advanced boot options, first click Troubleshoot in the Choose an option menu.
Select Advanced options
Figure 4. Next, click the Advanced options to access UEFI settings.
If a UEFI Firmware Settings option (Figure 5) appears, select it. Note: This option might also be under a somewhat different label, such as Change UEFI Settings.
If no such option exists, skip down to the section below labeled "If there's trouble — or no UEFI menu at all."
Select UEFI Firmware Settings
Figure 5. If the Advanced options menu includes UEFI Firmware Settings (or something similar), click it.
On the UEFI Firmware Settings screen, select Restart (Figure 6). Your PC will restart and automatically run its built-in UEFI management software.
Restart to change UEFI settings
Figure 6. Click Restart to enter your PC's UEFI management software.
Working inside the UEFI management software
UEFI setting pages often look much like classic BIOS screens — and typically work in much the same way. Follow the on-screen directions for navigating to the settings you're going to change. Next, make the following changes.
On Windows 8 systems, start by disabling Secure Boot. The setting is typically found under Security (see Figure 7), Boot, Authentication, or some similar heading.
EUFI security page
Figure 7. In Windows 8 only, disable Secure Boot.
Next, on Vista, Win7, and Win8 systems that offer it, disable Fast Boot (Figure 8), commonly found under a Boot Speed option. On my system, Boot Speed is under the Advanced heading.
Set Boot Speed to Normal
Figure 8. To disable Fast Boot, select Normal, Standard, or Slow Boot — or whatever your vendor calls it.
On Win8 and most Win7 and Vista PCs, set the Boot Mode to CSM (Compatibility Support Module). Again, CSM makes your PC behave as if it had the old-school BIOS required by some software.
On my system, this requires three clicks: one to access the Advanced/System Configuration menu (Figure 9), a second to access the Boot Mode settings, and a third to change to CSM Boot (Figure 10).
System Configuration
Figure 9. On some systems, the Boot Mode setting is under Advanced/System Configuration.
Select CSM Boot
Figure 10. Set the Boot Mode to CSM for full software compatibility.
Your PC's labeling might differ from mine, but the idea is the same: deselect UEFI boot and switch to a traditional BIOS-style CSM boot option.
Now set the boot order; you want your PC to first try the device you selected, upon restart. UEFI boot-order settings are usually under the Boot section (or something similar).
For example, if you want to boot from a DVD/CD drive, change the PC's boot order so that the optical drive is at the top of the list. Your options will likely look somewhat similar to those shown in Figure 11.
Boot order list
Figure 11. Move the device you want to boot from to the top of the boot order list. (Shown: ODD, or Optical Disk Drive, is now first.)
When you're done, save your settings and exit (typically by pressing the F10 key).
Your system will now restart, using a traditional BIOS-type (CSM) boot process. It'll bypass Secure Boot, skip the Fast Boot shortcuts, and attempt to use whatever device you selected as the first boot device.
If there's trouble — or no UEFI menu at all
If you know your system has a UEFI, but you can't find or access its settings, almost all systems offer the alternate, old-school trick of pressing a specific function key during initial boot or using special OEM software. However, whenever possible, it's best — and safest — to use the menu-access methods described above. It will ensure that Windows and the UEFI system remain in sync.
If you've tried everything in this article and still can't properly control UEFI booting, visit your PC vendor's online support site and search for instructions specific to your brand and model of PC.
Wrapping up, plus sources of more information
When you've successfully booted your system from your emergency repair/recovery tool, make note of any unusual steps you had to take. Store that information with your emergency boot media (DVD/CD, flash drive, whatever), and put both in a safe place. A bit of preparation now could prevent a lot of headaches later — if or when it all hits the fan!
As a last step, undo the changes you made to your UEFI settings, restoring them to their original configuration.

That's it! You're done. You can now have the comfort of UEFI's benefits for routine operation, plus the confidence that you can bypass the UEFI when needed.


How to Blacklist or Approve Senders in Postini

Click on "My Settings" in the top right hand corner.

Click on either the Aprrove Senders or Block Senders link:

Enter email addresses into the left hand side box, separated with a comma: (,), a colon: (:) or a line break between each email address.
After you have finished entering email addresses to be approved\ blocked, click the Update Blocked\Approved Senders button.

If you wish to block domains, use the right hand side box to blacklist entire domains, such as hotmail.com. Enter multiple domains separated using a comma, colon, or line break, and then click the Update Blocked Domains button.

After clicking one of the update buttons, the server will display a message indicating that the update was or was not successful.


Wi-Fi Networks: One SSID for multiple access points

To setup a Multi-AP Roaming Network give all APs the same network name (SSID), the same security type (WPA2-PSK recommended), and the same wireless security passphrase. Clients usually assume that these settings will be the same across all APs with the same SSID.

Channel is one key setting you do want to vary from AP to AP in a roaming (multiple AP) 802.11 network.  You don't want transmissions to/from one AP to compete for bandwidth with transmissions to/from the other AP.

If you're only using 2.4GHz-only devices with single-band-at-a-time APs, be careful of your channel selection, as they can overlap.. Channels 1, 6, and 11 don't overlap at all, so those are good choices to pick manually. You could use a Wi-Fi network scanner like NetStumbler or iStumbler to see which channels are in use where you are.


Setup Office 365 email on the iPhone or iPad

To setup your email on your iPhone or iPad
  1. Go to Settings.
  2. On the Settings screen, tap Mail, Contacts, Calendars.
  3. Tap Add Account.
  4. Tap Exchange.
  5. Enter your Email addressPassword, and a short Description (i.e. your company's name) for your email.
  6. Tap Next.
NOTE: Autoconnect will try to find the settings you need to configure for your account. If autoconnect is unsuccessful, you can manually configure your device using the following additional steps.

To Manually Configure Your iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch
  1. Go to Settings.
  2. On the Settings screen, tap Mail, Contacts, Calendars.
  3. Tap Add Account.
  4. Tap Exchange.
  5. Enter your Email addressPassword, and a short Description (i.e. your company's name) for your email.
  6. Tap Next.
  7. If autodiscover cannot find your settings automatically, enter the following information:
    • Server — outlook.office365.com
    • Username — Type your full email address (for example, holly@coolexample.com).
  8. Click Next.
  9. Click Save.
Now your account is all set up!